The Golden Temple. Amritsar (Lit. The Tank of Nectar) is, first and foremost, the city of the Golden Temple (Swarna Mandir) or Harmandir (the Temple of God). The Golden Temple, a two storied marble structure in the centre of the sacred tank, Amrit Sār, the central dome of the temple and the upper half of the walls were covered with
Golden Temple & Amritsar | History &Meaning | Index
Gurdwara Darbar Sahib in Amritsar, also known as Har Mandir in Punjab and India, and Golden Temple in the western world, is the world seat of Sikhism as the Kaaba in Mecca for Muslims, Vatican in Rome for Christians and Varāṇasī in India for Hindus.
It is a living symbol of spiritual and historical traditions of the Sikhs.
It emerged as the new edifice on the Indian subcontinent’s religious landscape in the 17th century, when, in 1604 AD the first volume of Ādi Granth (Guru Granth Sahib---Holy Sikh scripture) was placed here with reverence by Guru Arjan Dev, in the building which had been completed by him three years earlier, making it, the world seat of Sikhism.