Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji | short biography
9. Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji
Guru Ji whose original name was Master of Detachment) spent his childhood at :(
In his early years he learnt Gurmukhi, Hindi, Sanskrit and Indian religious philosophy, and archery and horsemanship while his , Master of Miri and Piri taught him swordsmanship.
At the True Master of the Sword)., a brave young warrior fought alongside his father in the . When the victorious Sikhs returned home they praised their latest hero and Tyal Mal Ji was renamed (
He was married toat Kartarpur in .
When his father nominated his grandson Har Rai Ji as his successor in, Tegh Bahadur Ji moved with his wife to the village of .
For the nextthe Master of Detachment spent most of his time in an underground room absorbed .
Guru Ji also went on missionary tours in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Bengal.
Before Guru Har Krishan Ji passed to God’s court, he indicated that his successor would be found in:
When the Sikhs arrived in the village they found 22 false Gurus claiming to be Baba Bakula.
A wealthy Sikh calledcame to Bakula:
He bowed to each Guru and gave 2 gold pieces; each Guru was pleased and blessed him.
But Makhan Shah was unhappy, then he learnt of a holy man meditating in an underground room. Again Makhan Shah bowed and placed 2 gold pieces.
Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji said:
“Why have you broken your promise?, when you prayed to God to save you and your ship from the terrible storm you promised 500 gold pieces to the Guru”.
Makhan Shah was overjoyed, he gave the rest of the gold as promised and ran to the roof shouting “The True Guru has been found, O Sikhs come seek his blessing”.
The false Gurus all ran away.
After a short time oppression and intolerance reared its ugly head:
The Mughal Emperorordered Hindu temples to be destroyed and that idol worship was to be stopped:
He had a temple converted into a Mosque and slaughtered a cow inside it. He also had Hindus sacked from their government jobs and employed Muslims instead.
Aurangzeb also ordered Gurdwaras to be destroyed and expelled many missionaries from the main cities. Despite some resistance after many years of persecution people were being forced to take up Islam.
Aurangzeb being clever decided if he could convert the leaders of the Hindu religion then millions of followers would also convert:
He started persecuting and harassing the Hindu Pandits of Kashmir. The Pandits overcome by panic came in a delegationand requested ’s help.
At this time Guru Ji’s 9 year old son Who would be better than you to defend the poor Brahmins”.told his father that “
Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji decided to stand up for the right ofand told the delegation he was ready to sacrifice his life to protect the Hindus from mass conversion.
Guru Ji nominated Bhai Sati Das Ji, Bhai Mati Das Ji and Bhai Dayal Das Ji.as his successor and left for Delhi with 3 other Sikhs,
Along the way all were arrested and taken to Delhi were all accepted death by torture rather than give up their ideals and convert to Islam.
Guru Ji was beheaded on, Bhai Jetha took Guru Ji’s head to Anandpur Sahib were it was cremated and Bhai Lakhi Shah carried Guru Ji’s body to his house, which he then set on fire to cremate Guru Ji’s body.
had a versatile personality, a warrior, family man with social commitment and a preacher of great understanding and vision. His martyrdom broke the myth of Aurangzeb’s religiosity.
The achievements of Guru Tegh Bahadur are remarkable:
• During the last period in Guru Ji’s life, Guru Ji founded a new town called City of Bliss) and went on missionary tours to UP and Bengal.(
Guru Ji also initiatedall over northern Punjab.
• Guru Ji symbolised the triumph of good over evil, Guru Ji’s martyrdom unique in the history of mankind, inspired many Sikhs to lay down their lives for noble causes and moral values.
• Guru Ji was also a versatile poet and embodied a message of freedom, courage and compassion; “Fear not and frighten not“.