Sikh Guru | Life of 10 Gurus

1. Guru Nanak Dev Ji (1469-1539) Guru Nanak Dev Ji was born into the turbulence of the middle ages at Talwandi today called Nankana Sahib , now in Pakistan . Bhai Gurdas Ji an eminent Sikh poet and historian write: “ The rulers had become ruthless, carrying butchers knives under their sleeve for slaying the poor.. The light of the

9. Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji (1621-1675) Guru Ji whose original name was Tyal Mal ( Master of Detachment ) spent his childhood at Amritsar : In his early years he learnt Gurmukhi, Hindi, Sanskrit and Indian religious philosophy from Bhai Gurdas Ji , and archery and horsemanship from Baba Budha Ji while his father Guru Hargobind Ji , Master of

8. Guru Har Krishan Ji (1656-1664) Guru Har Krishan Ji was known as the child Guru since he became the 8 th Guru King at the age of 5 : This was unacceptable to a lot of people, who questioned Guru Ji’s suitability as leader of the Sikh nation. However an incident of a proud Brahmin at Panjokhora put Guru

7. Guru Har Rai Ji (1630-1661) Guru Har Rai Ji was 14 years old when he became the seventh body to contain the divine light of Guru Nanak Dev Ji. Like his grandfather Guru Hargobind Ji, Guru Ji maintained an army of 2200 soldiers, however Shah Jahan the Moghul Emperor had realised that destroying the Sikhs was no easy task

6. Guru Hargobind Ji (1595-1644) Mata Ganga Ji asked her husband Guru Arjan Dev Ji for the gift of a son, for he granted the wishes of so many Sikhs he would surely answer hers as well. Guru Arjan told Mata Ganga Ji to go and seek Baba Budha Ji’s blessing. Mata Ganga Ji had her helpers prepare delicious foods

5. Guru Arjan Dev Ji (1563-1606) Guru Arjan Dev Ji was the youngest of the 3 sons of Guru Ramdas Ji ( Prithi Chand and Maha Dev were the other two). We have already seen how Guru Amardas Ji had to wait over 60 years before he found the True Guru (Guru Angad Dev Ji), but Guru Arjan Dev Ji

3. Guru Amar Das Ji (1479-1574) Bhai Amar Das Ji was a spiritual genius at the same time of Guru Angad Dev Ji : In his twenties he became interested in Hinduism and became a great pilgrim. Every year for the next forty years he went to the sacred river Ganges, walking bare-foot singing divine hymns. Once on his return

2. Guru Angad Dev Ji (1504-1552) He was known as Bhai Lehna , ( Lehna in Punjabi means “ tax collector ”) before he took his place on Guru Nanak Dev Ji’s throne as Guru Angad Dev Ji . He was a man of simple beliefs and religious temperament. He was the leader of a group of followers of the

10. Guru Gobind Singh Ji (1666-1708) A splendid Divine Light shone in the darkness of the night: Pir Bhikan Shah a Muslim mystic performed his prayers in that direction, and guided by this Divine Light, he travelled with a group of his followers until he reached Patna Sahib in Bihar : It was here that Gobind Rai Ji was born

4. Guru Ram Das Ji (1534-1581) Known as Bhai Jetha (before he became Guru Ram Das Ji ), he was only 7 years old when both his parents died. He was taken in by his grandmother and wasn’t lucky enough to go to school and worked hard selling Indian sweets. Fortunately Guru Amar Das Ji adopted Bhai Jetha, who learnt